Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) is a tax that is generally payable on the purchase or transfer of land and property in England and Northern Ireland. Wales and Scotland set their own Stamp Duty taxes. It is also payable in respect of certain lease premiums. You may also need to pay SDLT when all or part of an interest in land or property is transferred to you and you give anything of monetary value in exchange.
There are important issues to be aware of if you transfer land or property to a company. HMRC’s guidance on the subject states as follows:
When property is transferred to a company, SDLT may be payable on its market value, not the consideration given. For example, if a property has a market value of £200,000 but the company only pays a consideration of £100,000, SDLT will still be payable on £200,000.
This applies in either of the following situations, the:
- person who transfers the property is ‘connected’ with the company – the definition of a connected person covers relatives and people who have some involvement with the company,
- company pays for the property with shares in the company (partly or wholly) to the person making the transfer, where that person is connected to the company (but not necessarily the acquiring company).
Holding properties within a limited company can have many advantages such as lower Corporation Tax rates and tax relief on interest payments. However, it is important to be aware of issues that can arise including the payment of SDLT or regional equivalents.
If you are considering transferring property to a company, please take professional advice before completing the transaction.